Tndnet.Org Versão em Português The Young Researchers' Worldwide Network   

2nd T&D World Conference
Reykjavik, June 24th, 2007

Deadline: Send a two-page summary or the full version until April 30th, 2007. In the case you are unable to met this deadline, send the full version until May 15th.

The Second Thinking&Doing Conference will be held in June 24, 2007 in the University of Iceland, in Reykjavik. Its program will include the discussion of up to nine unpublished papers by young researchers. These articles will be chosen among those submitted to T&D's Essay Contest on Economic Development, Public Policies and Law and the winners will be considered for publication in the journal of the network, the Review of Economic Development, Public Policy and Law.

The event will follow the 11th ISNIE (International Society for New Institutional Economics) Conference that brings together economists, legal scholars, political scientists, sociologists, and researchers and students from a variety of areas in applied social sciences field. This year, keynote speakers are Professor Avinash Dixit of Princeton University, President-elect of the American Economic Association, and Professor Ariel Rubinstein of New York and Tel Aviv University.

The timing and location of the T&D Conference, immediately following the ISNIE Conference, is meant to facilitate attendance by researchers from a variety of countries. Most of the network affiliates have plans to attend both conferences. To this end, our organization has been relied on the help of Professor Thrainn Eggertsson, President-elect of ISNIE, Professor Lee Alston, from Colorado University and ISNIE president, and Mary Shirley, president of the Ronald Coase Institute, the organization that sponsors the Institutional Analysis Workshop that precedes the ISNIE Conference. You can find updated information about the conference program, the results of the article selection and more, on this website.

Either a two-page summary or the full version of the article should be sent by e-mail to until April 30th, 2007. You can alternatively send the full version of the article until May 15th.
- The articles must have no identification of the author(s). They also must have no reference that could potentially identify the author(s) of the paper.
- The summary must have a maximum of one thousand words, including graphs, tables and footnotes.
- The summary must include between two and five bibliographical references (not included in the 1000-word limit), and also between one and five keywords. The references do not have to follow any specific format.
- The article summary must be submitted using Times New Roman size 12 font. The paper size must be letter (11”x 8.5”), and paragraphs must be formatted with 1.5 line spacing, justified, with a 0.5” left space in each first line. The bibliographical references and footnotes must be single spaced, and the latter must use Times New Roman size 10 font.
- The final article has a 10.000-word limit, including appendices, graphs, tables and bibliographical notes. The final version must present a 250-word summary and the JEL classification of the article. The format for presentation, like line spacing and so forth, must follow the summary guidelines above.

You must also submit in the same e-mail message, but in separate files, a short CV (two-page maximum) and the completed T&D enrollment form.

For the time being, we are not able to provide any sponsorship or other kind of financial support for those selected to present a paper during T&D Conference. style="font-family:Georgia;"

Selection will be done in a rolling basis, so early submissions are encouraged.

Personal Information
(be aware that this information will be released for T&D Network Members)

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Address _____________________________________        Country _____________________

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Please, in order to redirect your contacts in the Young Researchers Network, name the countries where you primarily carry out  your  research activities or have academic and professional contacts:


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Indicate your research interests: _____________________________________

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The Green Coffee Purchasing Policies of Italian Roasters: Case Findings
By Matteo Borzoni

Summary: This study is aimed at understanding the determinants of roasters’ purchasing policies and how roasters’ competitive strategies affect their purchasing policies. The study provides specific insights into, and comparison between, Italian coffee roasters. The research methodology is qualitative and ethnographic, and it utilises multiple cases, thus reflecting the exploratory approach to theorybuilding. Interpretation is made first through individual case analysis in order to identify important themes, clusters, and patterns in the research data, and secondly through cross-case analysis. By integrating different perspectives, the nature of the purchasing polices is analyzed. Coffee transactions are shown to be surrounded by extreme uncertainty. This influences the choice of the purchasing channels, which also derives from the firm’s competitive strategy. Asset specificity, which underlies different levels of vertical integration, is likewise revealed to be dependent on the competitive strategy chosen. The social dimensions of the transaction are shown to be central to explaining control and coordination in trader-roaster relations and even more in the exporter-roaster interface. A process model that links uncertainty, relation with supplier, vertical integration and the effect of competitive strategy is proposed. Finally, recommendations for different stakeholders, including policy makers, are provided.

JLE Classification: L14

Keywords: New Institutional Economics, Coffee, Relational Contracting, Network, Purchasing strategies, Italy

Networks, Relational Contracts and the Theory of the Firm: Beyond Williamson
By Ivan C. Ribeiro

Abstract: This paper analyses the role of relational contracts in the formation of networks and the conditions that make these contracts feasible. Relational contracts help circumvent difficulties in formal contracting and allow parties to utilize their detailed knowledge of their situation while adapting to new information as it becomes available (MacNeil, 1978). However, these contracts cannot be enforced by a third party and must be self-enforcing, which means that the value of the future relationship must be sufficiently large so that neither party wishes to renege (Dixit, 2004).
However, what causes certain contracts to breakdown while others go well? According to Baker et al (2002) integration affects the parties’ temptation to renege a relational contract. Thus, in a given environment, a desirable relational contract might be feasible under integration but not under non-integration - and this will be particularly true when we face alternative asset prices that vary too much.
Empirical research was conducted to assess the determinants of companies’ decisions between contracting law services in the market and employing an internal legal department. That could be explained by the variation on assets value (in the case, the value of legal services), the total amount of the pay-offs and the institutional environment.

Keywords: Not available.

Social Capital, Violence, and Public Interventions
By Jose Cuesta

Abstract: The allegedly endogenous relationship between social capital and violence has been rarely modeled in previous studies and, when so, it has been found not statistically significant. We find otherwise estimating simultaneous econometric models with data from Colombia in what constitutes a natural experiment of social capital formation as a deliberate strategy to crack on violence. Interpersonal trust is the single most important determinant to reduce victimization, while victimization levels cut back interpersonal trust and increasingly so only after some threshold is surpassed. Perceptions in the community of an effective public presence both reduce victimization and increase interpersonal trust, but the magnitude of these effects is rather small. Other public interventions (civic campaigns and improving the performance of public institutions) in crime-ridden communities also have a positive impact on victimization and interpersonal trust levels.

JLE Classification: Z13, C30, D74, J18

Keywords: Social Capital, Violence, Public Institutions, Three-Stage Least Squares, Latin America, Colombia.


The Green Coffee Purchasing Policies of Italian Roasters: Case Findings
Matteo Borzoni (University of Florence)
Abstract - Full Article

Networks, Relational Contracts and the Theory of the Firm: Beyond Williamson
Ivan César Ribeiro ( Young Researchers’ Worldwide Network)
Abstract - Full Article

Social Capital, Violence, and Public Interventions
Jose Cuesta (Inter-American Development Bank)
Abstract - Full Article